Wednesday, September 28, 2011


1. I am writing to confirm /enquire/inform you...我写信时要确认/询问/通知你。。。
2. I am writing to follow up on our earlier decision on the marketing campaign in Q2.
3. With reference to our telephone conversation today...关于我们今天在电话中的谈话。。。
4. In my previous e-mail on October 5...先前在10月5日所写的信。。。
5. As I mentioned earlier about...如我先前所提及关于。。。
6. as indicated in my previous e-mail...如我在先前的信中所提出。。。
7. As we discussed on the phone...如我们上次在电话中的讨论。。。
8. from our decision at the previous meeting...如我们在上次会议中的决定。。。
9. as you requested/per your requirement...按照你的要求。。。
10.In reply to your e-mail dated April 1,we decided...回答你在4月1日写的信,我们决定。。。
11.This is in response to your e-mail today.这是针对你今天早上来信的回复。
12. As mentioned before, we deem this product has strong unique selling points in china.
13. As a follow-up to our phone conversation yesterday, I wanted to get back to you about the pending issues of our agreement.追踪我们昨天在电话中所谈,我想答复你我们合约的一些待解决的议题。
14. I received your voice message regarding the subject. I’m wondering if you can elaborate i.e. provide more details.我收到你关于这个主题的留言。我想你是否可以再详尽说明,也就是再提供多一点细节。
15. Please be advised/informed that...请被告知。。。
16. Please note that...请注意。。。
17. We would like to inform you that...我们想要通知你。。。
18. I am convinced that...我确信。。。
19. We agree with you on...我们同意你在。。。
20. With effect from 4 Oct., 2008...从2008年10月4日开始生效。。。
21. We will have a meeting scheduled as noted below...我们将举行一个会议,时间表如下。
22. Be assured that individual statistics are not disclosed and this is for internal use only.请确保个人信息不会外泄且只供内部使用。
23. I am delighted to tell you that...我很高兴地告诉你。。。
24. We are pleased to learn that...我们很高兴得知。。。
25. We wish to notify you that...我们希望通知你。。。
26. Congratulation on your...恭喜您关于。。。
27. I am fine with the proposal.我对这份提桉没意见。
28.I am pleased to inform you that you have been accepted to join the workshop scheduled for 22-24 Nov,2008.我很高兴地告诉你,你已经被同意参加2008年11月22-24日的研讨会。
29. We are sorry to inform you that...我们很抱歉地通知你。。。
30. I’m afraid I have some bad news.我恐怕要带来一些坏消息。
31. There are a number of issues with our new system.我们的新系统有些问题。
32. Due to circumstances beyond our control...由于情况超出我们所能控制。。。
33. I don’t feel too optimistic about...我觉得不太乐观关于。。。
34. It would be difficult for us to accept...我们很难接受。。。
35. Unfortunately I have to say that, since receiving your enquiries on the subject, our view has not changed.很不幸地,我必须这么说,自从收到你关于这个主题的询问,我们的看法都没有改变。
36. We would be grateful if you could...我们会很感激如果你可以。。。
37. I could appreciate it if you could...我会很感激如果你可以。。。
38. Would you please send us…?可否请你寄给我们…?
39. We need your help.我们需要你的帮助。
40. We seek your assistance to cascade/reply this message to your staff.
41. We look forward to your clarification.我们期待你的澄清。
42.Your prompt attention to this matter will be appreciated.您能立即注意此事,我们将非常感激。
43. I would really appreciate meeting up if you can spare the time. Please let me know what suits you best.如果您能抽出时间,我希望能与你见面,请让我知道您最适合的时间。
44.Please give us your preliminary thoughts about this.请让我知道你对于这件事情初步的想法。
45. Would you please reply to this e-mail if you plan to attend?请您回信如果您计划参加?
46.Please advise if you agree with this approach.请告知是否你同意这个方法。
47. Could you please let me know the status of this project?请让我知道这个计划的进度?
48. If possible, I hope to receive a copy of your proposal when it is finished.
49. I would appreciate it very much if you would send me your reply by next Monday.
50. Hope this is OK with you. If not, let me know by e-mail ASAP.
51. Could you please send me your replies to the above questions by the end of June?
52. May I have your reply by April 1, if possible?
53. If you wish, we would be happy to...如果你希望,我们很乐意。。。

54. Please let me know if there’s anything I can do to help.
55.If there’s anything else I can do for you on/regarding this matter, please feel free to contact me at any time.对于这件事,如果还有任何我能帮得上忙的地方,请不要客气,随时与我联络。
56.If you want additional recommendations on this, please let us know and we can try to see if this is possible.如果关于此事你需要额外的建议,请让我们知道,我们会尝试看看是否可能。
57. I’m just writing to remind you of...我只是写信来提醒您。。。
58. May we remind you that...?我们想要提醒您。。。
59. I am enclosing...我附上。。。
60. Please find enclosed...请查阅附件。。。
61. Attached hereto...附件是关于。。。
62. Attached please find the most up-to-date information on/regarding/concerning…
63. Attached please find the draft product plan for your review and comment.
64. If you have any further questions, please feel free to contact me.
65. I hope my clarification has been helpful.希望我的说明是有帮助的。
66. Please feel free to call me at any time, I will continually provide full support.

67. Please let me know if this is suitable.请让我知道这是否恰当。
68. Looking forward to seeing you soon.期待很快能见到你。
69. We look forward to hearing from you soon.

70. Hope this is clear and we are happy to discuss this further if necessary.
71. I look forward to receiving your reply soon.我期待很快能收到你的回复。
72. Looking forward to receiving your comments in due course.
73. I’ll keep you posted.我会与你保持联络。
74. Please keep me informed on the matter.请随时让我知道这件事的发展。
75. For any comments/suggestions, please contact Nadia at 2552-7482.
76. I would like to apologize for...我想就。。。道歉。。。
77. I apologize for the delay in...对于。。。的耽搁,我深感抱歉。
78. We are sorry for any inconvenience caused.对于产生任何不便,我们感到抱歉。
79. I am sorry for any inconvenience this has caused you.
80. I’m sorry about last time.关于上次的事我很抱歉。
81.We apologize for not replying you earlier.对于未能早一点回信给你,我们感到抱歉。
82. I’m really sorry about this.关于这件事,我真的很抱歉。
83. Sorry, I’m late in replying to your e-mail dated Monday, April 1.
84. We apologize for the delay and hope that it doesn’t inconvenience you too much.
85.Hoping that this will not cause you too much trouble.希望不会为您带来太多的麻烦。
86.Sorry if my voice message is not clear enough.如果我的电话留言不够清楚,我深感抱歉.
87. Thank you for your help.谢谢你的帮助。
88. I appreciate very much that you...我非常感激你。。。
89. I truly appreciate it.我真的很感激。
90. Thank you for your participation.谢谢你的参加。
91. Thank you so much for inviting me.非常感谢你要请我。
92.Congratulations to all of you and thanks for your efforts.恭喜各位并谢谢各位的努力。
93. Your understanding and cooperation is greatly/highly appreciated.
94. Your prompt response will be most appreciated.很感激你快速的答复。
95. Once again, thank you all for your commitment and support.
96. Thanks for your input/clarification/message.谢谢你的投入/澄清/信息。
97. Any comments will be much appreciated.对于您的任何建议,我将非常感激。
98. Thank you very much for everything you’ve done for me.谢谢你为我做的一切。
99. I would appreciate your kindest understanding with/regarding this matter.
100. Please convey my thanks to all the staff involved, they certainly did an excellent job.请表达我的谢意给那些有关的同仁,他们真的干得很好

Monday, September 19, 2011







中国也同样产生过类似的亚洲联合起来抵抗西洋侵略的思想,比如梁启超的“ 亚粹主义”,章太炎的“亚洲和亲主义”,孙中山的“大亚洲主义”,李大钊的“新亚细亚主义”等。这个“兴亚论”后来又变成亚洲在日本领导下,共同抗击西洋列强的理论,比如“大东亚共荣圈”、“东亚新秩序”等。不过1880年代的“兴亚论”,还是主张日本以平等的关系与中国和朝鲜结盟抗击西洋,因为那时日本的国力还很弱,比起当时的大清国还有相当的差距。




其实日本人并没有隐瞒自己富国强兵的秘诀,早在120年前日本的思想家福泽谕吉就指出中国落后的结症就是拒绝西方文明,拒绝对外开放。可惜中国人直到100年后,才明白与西洋文明同呼吸共命运、共同品嚐文明之苦乐的重要性。假如中国在 100多年前就开始搞对外开放,及早与世界接轨,那么近代中国肯定会是另外一个样子,中国近代史就不会是充满屈辱和创伤的悲惨历史。所以我说:中国在近代遭受的各种苦难凌辱,某种程度上是中国人自己“选择”的。








中国欢迎外国人来中国,欢迎外国人来投资办厂,那是最近20年的事,中国一直到现在才改变了“排外”的心态。以前中国总对外国人不信任,总觉得外国人来中国一定是“不怀好意”、“ 不安好心”,所以千方百计要把外国人赶走,以为赶走了外国人,中国人就“站起来”了,中国人就无比幸福了。1949年以后中共赶走了除了苏联以外的所有西方人,到1960年以后又把苏联人也赶走了。在文革时期,中国几乎是一个洋鬼子都没有了,现实了老佛爷、义和团等多年的奋斗目标,彻底赶走了所有的外国人。

可是中国却惊讶地发现,赶走外国人,把自己隔绝于西洋文明之外,并没有给中国人带来幸福,反而给中国带来了灾难。所以在文革之后,中国人痛定思痛,不再排外了,这次中国不但不赶外国人,反而来了个180度大转弯,开始请外国人到中国来了,真可谓“既知今日,何必当初”呢?福泽谕吉早在 100多年前就批评中国:“在遭遇如同麻疹那样流行的文明开化时,支、韩两国违背传染的天然规律,为了躲避传染,硬是把自己关闭在一个房间里,闭塞空气的流通。”中国人直到100年后的今天,用自己的亲身体验体会到“硬是把自己关闭在一个房间里,闭塞空气的流通”的痛苦之后,才明白“抗拒西洋文明是愚蠢的 ”这个道理。








中国在甲午战争的失败,宣告军事强国的洋务运动彻底失败,人们认为日本打败中国就是因为采用了西洋式的国家体制,于是“体制救国论”,即改革国家体制来实现富国强兵的论调高涨,终于发生了戊戌变法。尽管戊戌变法失败了,但清廷 1901年以后实行的“新政”,基本上采用了戊戌变法的思路,对国家体制进行了重大改革,但是中国还是没有像日本那样实现富国强兵,为什么呢?






Wednesday, September 14, 2011

Enable Visual Studio 2010 in Matlab 2008a

If you want to speed up your matlab code, MEX may be the first thing you should try. However, Matlab 2008a was released before Visual Studio 2010, so VS 2010 is not directly supported. You could try the following patch:

And then run “mex –setup”. Everything should work.

Sunday, September 11, 2011



Friday, September 9, 2011

Nvidia Optimus为什么在Linux上是个大问题?

This article is a direct translation from relative pages from “nouveau” wiki. So, thanks to the author first:)
  • Nvidia Optimus
如果你的笔记本电脑有Optimus,说明你的电脑有一块Nividia的显卡和另一块其他品牌的显卡(只可能是Intel的?)。除了Nvidia GPU的PCOPY引擎是新技术外【1】,Optimus可以说就是双显卡笔记本电脑的另一个商业名词。
  • 为什么Optimus是个大问题
这个多路复用模块,如果存在的话,用来控制哪个GPU来驱动显示器,或自带的屏幕。如果一个GPU已经连接了显示器,那么这个多路复用模块还应该告诉另一个显卡该屏幕不可用。当我们外接显示器的时候,情况是类似的。当显示器与一个GPU相连,其他的GPU就不能再链接这个显示器了。一种恶心的情况是Intel GPU与自带的屏幕相连,Nvidia GPU与外接显示器相连。当然这种情况就不好处理了。最理想的情况是这个多路复用模块能选择哪个GPU来驱动所有的输出设备。
  • 现在什么能正常工作?

"We needed hardware support to quickly move the graphics data around in the system, so we created a fast copy engine. The Optimus Copy Engine is a new alternative to traditional DMA (Direct Memory Access) transfers between the GPU frame buffer memory and system memory used by the IGP. With Optimus we also removed multiplexers, called MUXs, so we use the integrated graphics as a display adapter or pass through."
“我们需要硬件支持系统内的图形信息快速拷贝,所以我们制造了一种快速的复制引擎。Optimis Copy Engine可以替代传统的DMA(内存直接访问单元)来执行GPU帧缓存与集成显卡使用的系统内存间的复制操作。在Optimus下,我们还移除了多路复用模块,所以我们用集成显卡来做显示器的接口或通路。”
--Sasha Ostojic
Sasha Ostojic是Nvidia的笔记本电脑软件高级总监,上面这段话出Nvidia的博客。

Thursday, September 8, 2011


    1. In this paper, we focus on the need for
    2. This paper proceeds as follow.
    3. The structure of the paper is as follows.
    4. In this paper, we shall first briefly introduce fuzzy sets and related concepts
    5. To begin with we will provide a brief background on the

    1. This will be followed by a description of the fuzzy nature of the problem and a detailed presentation of how the required membership functions are defined.
    2. Details on xx and xx are discussed in later sections.
    3. In the next section, after a statement of the basic problem, various situations involving possibility knowledge are investigated: first, an entirely possibility model is proposed; then the cases of a fuzzy service time with stochastic arrivals and non fuzzy service rule is studied; lastly, fuzzy service rule are considered.

    1. This review is followed by an introduction.
    2. A brief summary of some of the relevant concepts in xxx and xxx is presented in Section 2.
    3. In the next section, a brief review of the .... is given.
    4. In the next section, a short review of ... is given with special regard to ...
    5. Section 2 reviews relevant research related to xx.
    6. Section 1.1 briefly surveys the motivation for a methodology of action, while 1.2 looks at the difficulties posed by the complexity of systems and outlines the need for development of possibility methods.

    1. Section 1 defines the notion of robustness, and argues for its importance.
    2. Section 1 devoted to the basic aspects of the FLC decision making logic.
    3. Section 2 gives the background of the problem which includes xxx
    4. Section 2 discusses some problems with and approaches to, natural language understanding.
    5. Section 2 explains how flexibility which often ... can be expressed in terms of fuzzy time window
    6. Section 3 discusses the aspects of fuzzy set theory that are used in the ...
    7. Section 3 describes the system itself in a general way, including the ….. and also discusses how to evaluate system performance.
    8. Section 3 describes a new measure of xx.
    9. Section 3 demonstrates the use of fuzzy possibility theory in the analysis of xx.
    10. Section 3 is a fine description of fuzzy formulation of human decision.
    11. Section 3, is developed to the modeling and processing of fuzzy decision rules
    12. The main idea of the FLC is described in Section 3 while Section 4 describes the xx strategies.
    13. Section 3 and 4 show experimental studies for verifying the proposed model.
    14. Section 4 discusses a previous fuzzy set based approach to cost variance investigation.
    15. Section 4 gives a specific example of xxx.
    16. Section 4 is the experimental study to make a fuzzy model of memory process.
    17. Section 4 contains a discussion of the implication of the results of Section 2 and 3.
    18. Section 4 applies this fuzzy measure to the analysis of xx and illustrate its use on experimental data.
    19. Section 5 presents the primary results of the paper: a fuzzy set model ..
    20. Section 5 contains some conclusions plus some ideas for further work.
    21. Section 6 illustrates the model with an example.
    22. Various ways of justification and the reasons for their choice are discussed very briefly in Section 2.
    23. In Section 2 are presented the block diagram expression of a whole model of human DM system
    24. In Section 2 we shall list a collection of basic assumptions which a ... scheme must satisfy.
    25. In Section 2 of this paper, we present representation and uniqueness theorems for the fundamental measurement of fuzziness when the domain of discourse is order dense.
    26. In Section 3, we describe the preliminary results of an empirical study currently in progress to verify the measurement model and to construct membership functions.
    27. In Section 5 is analyzed the inference process through the two kinds of inference experiments...
This Section
    1. In this section, the characteristics and environment under which MRP is designed are described.
    2. We will provide in this section basic terminologies and notations which are necessary for the understanding of subsequent results.Next Section
    2. The next section describes the mathematics that goes into the computer implementation of such fuzzy logic statements.
    3. However, it is cumbersome for this purpose and in practical applications the formulae were rearranged and simplified as discussed in the next section.
    4. The three components will be described in the next two section, and an example of xx analysis of a computer information system will then illustrate their use.
    5. We can interpret the results of Experiments I and II as in the following sections.
    6. The next section summarizes the method in a from that is useful for arguments based on xx

    1. This paper concludes with a discussion of future research consideration in section 5.
    2. Section 5 summarizes the results of this investigation.
    3. Section 5 gives the conclusions and future directions of research.
    4. Section 7 provides a summary and a discussion of some extensions of the paper.
    5. Finally, conclusions and future work are summarized
    6. The basic questions posed above are then discussed and conclusions are drawn.
    7. Section 7 is the conclusion of the paper.

    Chapter 0. Abstract
    1. A basic problem in the design of xx is presented by the choice of a xx rate for the measurement of experimental variables.
    2. This paper examines a new measure of xx in xx based on fuzzy mathematics which overcomes the difficulties found in other xx measures.
    3. This paper describes a system for the analysis of the xx.
    4. The method involves the construction of xx from fuzzy relations.
    5. The procedure is useful in analyzing how groups reach a decision.
    6. The technique used is to employ a newly developed and versatile xx algorithm.
    7. The usefulness of xx is also considered.
    8. A brief methodology used in xx is discussed.
    9. The analysis is useful in xx and xx problem.
    10. A model is developed for a xx analysis using fuzzy matrices.
    11. Algorithms to combine these estimates and produce a xx are presented and justified.
    12. The use of the method is discussed and an example is given.
    13. Results of an experimental applications of this xx analysis procedure are given to illustrate the proposed technique.
    14. This paper analyses problems in
    15. This paper outlines the functions carried out by ...
    16. This paper includes an illustration of the ...
    17. This paper provides an overview and information useful for approaching
    18. Emphasis is placed on the construction of a criterion function by which the xx in achieving a hierarchical system of objectives are evaluated.
    19. The main emphasis is placed on the problem of xx
    20. Our proposed model is verified through experimental study.
    21. The experimental results reveal interesting examples of fuzzy phases of: xx, xx
    22. The compatibility of a project in terms of cost, and xx are likewise represented by linguistic variables.
    23. A didactic example is included to illustrate the computational procedure

    Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. Over the course of the past 30 years, .. has emerged form intuitive
    2. Technological revolutions have recently hit the industrial world
    3. The advent of ... systems for has had a significant impact on the
    4. The development of ... is explored
    5. During the past decade, the theory of fuzzy sets has developed in a variety of directions
    6.The concept of xx was investigated quite intensively in recent years
    7. There has been a turning point in ... methodology in accordance with the advent of ...
    8. A major concern in ... today is to continue to improve...
    9. A xx is a latecomer in the part representation arena.
    10. At the time of this writing, there is still no standard way of xx
    11. Although a lot of effort is being spent on improving these weaknesses, the efficient and effective method has yet to be developed.
    12. The pioneer work can be traced to xx [1965].
    13. To date, none of the methods developed is perfect and all are far from ready to be used in commercial systems.

    Objective / Goal / Purpose
    1. The purpose of the inference engine can be outlined as follows:
    2. The ultimate goal of the xx system is to allow the non experts to utilize the existing knowledge in the area of manual handling of loads, and to provide intelligent, computer aided instruction for xxx.
    3. The paper concerns the development of a xx
    4. The scope of this research lies in
    5. The main theme of the paper is the application of rule based decision making.
    6. These objectives are to be met with such thoroughness and confidence as to permit ...
    7. The objectives of the ... operations study are as follows:
    8. The primary purpose/consideration/objective of
    9. The ultimate goal of this concept is to provide
    10. The main objective of such a ... system is to
    11. The aim of this paper is to provide methods to construct such probability distribution.
    12. In order to achieve these objectives, an xx must meet the following requirements:
    13. In order to take advantage of their similarity
    14. more research is still required before final goal of ... can be completed
    15. In this trial, the objective is to generate...
    16. for the sake of concentrating on ... research issues
    17. A major goal of this report is to extend the utilization of a recently developed procedure for the xx.
    18. For an illustrative purpose, four well known OR problems are studied in presence of fuzzy data: xx.
    19. A major thrust of the paper is to discuss approaches and strategies for structuring ..methods
    20. This illustration points out the need to specify
    21. The ultimate goal is both descriptive and prescriptive.
    22. Chapter 2. Literature Review
    23. A wealth of information is to be found in the statistics literature, for example, regarding xx
    24. A considerable amount of research has been done .. during the last decade
    25. A great number of studies report on the treatment of uncertainties associated with xx.
    26. There is considerable amount of literature on planning
    27. However, these studies do not provide much attention to uncertainty in xx.
    28. Since then, the subject has been extensively explored and it is still under investigation as well in
    methodological aspects as in concrete applications.
    29. Many research studies have been carried out on this topic.
    30. Problem of xx draws recently more and more attention of system analysis.
    31. Attempts to resolve this dilemma have resulted in the development of
    32. Many complex processes unfortunately, do not yield to this design procedure and have, therefore, not yet been automated.
    33. Most of the methods developed so far are deterministic and /or probabilistic in nature.
    34. The central issue in all these studies is to
    35. The problem of xx has been studied by other investigators, however, these studies have been based upon classical statistical approaches.
    36. Applied ... techniques to
    37. Characterized the ... system as
    38. Developed an algorithm to
    39. Developed a system called ... which
    40. Uses an iterative algorithm to deduce
    41. Emphasized the need to
    42. Identifies six key issues surrounding high technology
    43. A comprehensive study of the... has been undertaken
    44. Much work has been reported recently in these filed
    45. Proposed/Presented/State that/Described/Illustrated/
    Indicated/Has shown / showed/Address/Highlights
    46. Point out that the problem of
    47. A study on ...was done / developed by []
    48. Previous work, such as [] and [], deal only with
    49. The approach taken by [] is
    50. The system developed by [] consists
    51. A paper relevant to this research was published by []
    52. []'s model requires consideration of...
    53. []' model draws attention to evolution in human development
    54. []'s model focuses on...
    55. Little research has been conducted in applying ... to
    56. The published information that is relevant to this research...
    57. This study further shows that
    58. Their work is based on the principle of
    59. More history of ... can be found in xx et al. [1979].
    60. Studies have been completed to established
    61. The ...studies indicated that
    62. Though application of xx in the filed of xx has proliferated in recent years, effort in analyzing xx, especially xx, is lacking.
    Problem / Issue / Question
    63. Unfortunately, real-world engineering problems such as manufacturing planning do not fit well with this narrowly defined model. They tend to span broad activities and require consideration of multiple aspects.
    64. Remedy / solve / alleviate these problems
    67. ... is a difficult problem, yet to be adequately resolved
    68. Two major problems have yet to be addressed
    69. An unanswered question
    70. This problem in essence involves using x to obtain a solution.
    71. An additional research issue to be tackled is ....
    72. Some important issues in developing a ... system are discussed
    73. The three prime issues can be summarized:
    74. The situation leads to the problem of how to determine the ...
    75. There have been many attempts to
    76. It is expected to be serious barrier to
    77. It offers a simple solution in a limited domain for a complex

Monday, September 5, 2011

Viola Jokes

怎样防止你的小提琴被盗 放在中提琴盒里
小提琴和中提琴的区别 中提琴烧得久一些 中提琴啤酒能装得多一些 你能给小提琴调音
我们都知道中提琴优于小提琴因为它烧得更久,不过为什么会烧得久呐 因为它通常都在盒子里
如何让一个中提琴声部演奏spiccato(跳弓) 在音符上都标solo
怎样让一个中提琴手演奏一段pianissimo tremolando(非常弱的颤音) 在音符上标solo
中提琴和棺材有什么区别 棺材里有死人
你会拿一个死掉的中提琴手怎么办 拖到声部后面一个位子上
中提琴和蹦床的区别 玩蹦床的时候要脱了鞋在上面跳
中提琴和洋葱的区别 剁碎(抨击)
小二度的定义 两个中提琴一起演奏 ……【太恶毒了这个】
绝对音高的定义 不碰桶边的情况下成功将中提琴扔进垃圾桶
为什么中提琴会在别人屋外站很久 他们找不到钥匙,并且不知道什么时候该进
中提琴和缝纫女工的区别 缝纫女工会折褶边 ……【这个不太懂】
洗衣机和中提琴的区别 颤音
为什么很多人不假思索厌恶中提琴 省事儿
怎样辨别中提琴拉跑调了 弓子在动
卡农是怎样写出來的 两个中提琴试图齐奏一个段落
为什么拉中提琴会像尿裤子 两者都是悄无声息地给你温暖的赶脚……【好恶毒啊】
为什么中提琴的独奏像炸弹 等听到再想采取措施就为时已晚
为什么中提琴的独奏像早泄 因为等你知道要射,干啥都来不及了。。。【中提琴是有多不招人待见】
为什么中提琴手要把琴盒放在他们汽车的仪表板上 那样他们就能把车停在残疾人专用停车位上 要是有人把他们误认为是黑手党,他们至少还能留点面子
中提琴手为啥不玩躲猫猫 因为没人会想到去找他们
为什么中提琴手演奏的时候在笑 因为无知是一种幸福,并且这种无知不会伤害他们
为什么中提琴手不应该去登山 如果他们失踪了,恐怕很多年都不会有人发觉这一点
路边的死鬼和路中间被压碎的中提琴有什么区别 【这个不懂,求解】
怎样让小提琴听着像中提琴 坐在后面不演奏 低音区演奏(是说用G弦D弦吧),还一堆错音
把中提琴和女高音一块从悬崖上扔下去,哪个先落地?(两个答案) 答案1:中提琴。女高音半截会停下来问方向 答案2:管它的
一个指挥和一个中提琴站在路中间,你会先轧过哪个,为什么: 指挥,正事要紧,享乐再说
为什么中提琴喜欢恐怖主义分子 他们都跟弓法过不去(bowings谐音Boeings波音公司)
William Walton最受欢迎的中提琴协奏曲录音? 缺少中提琴solo的录音版本(Music Minus One, 详解见wiki
中提琴和诉讼案的相似之处 琴盒盖上和案子结束的时候,大家都会很开心 【case closed双关了】
中提琴的范围 【指声音传播的范围么?】 你脚能踢到的距离内
飞毛腿导弹与中提琴手的相似之处 都具攻击性和不准确性
为什么中提琴那么大只 只是视觉上的错觉。并非中提琴大只,而是中提琴手的脑袋太小了
链锯与中提琴的区别 如果非要的话,你在四重奏里也可以用用链锯的
音堆和弦(cluster chord)的定义 中提琴声部在C弦上演奏
为什么中提琴手看到《爱经》就坐立不安? 看那些位置啊……【体位把位,傻傻分不清】
为什么你不应该开MINI Cooper载三个中提琴驶离悬崖 至少能和一个相处融洽 【问题原文用shouldn‘t, 没有错么?】
拧灯泡需要多少个中提琴手 一个也不用,都不够小
为什么看到有人提着中提琴盒进银行,大家就吓得要死 他们以为这人提的是机枪,并且可能真的会用它
中提琴声部里第一个位子和最后一个有何区别 差一拍 差半音
为什么你在数字录音碟中听不到中提琴 录音技术发展到如此先进地步,所有无关杂音都被自动剔除了
见识过中提琴手自夸能拉32分音符么 乐队里其余的人都不相信,所以他拉了一个以示证明……【一个...= =】
为什么中提琴在德语里叫 bratsche 因为你一屁股坐上去它就会发出那样的声音
为什么中提琴手后背插把刀就不能演奏了 因为他不能靠在椅背上了
中提琴最嫉妒什么乐器 竖琴。只要空弦拨拉拨拉就可以了
中提琴试奏的别名 刮刮乐…… 【槽点不太清楚】
如何让一打中提琴手齐奏 毙掉11个 毙掉所有的 谁他妈想要一打中提琴
纽约市最近一次犯罪陡升是 中提琴演奏会上的
中提琴手的脑细胞怎么死的 孤独而死
怎么称呼只有俩脑细胞的中提琴手 怀孕(有前途的)
为什么中提琴的脑子只有豆粒大 酗酒的过
做一炉巧克力豆曲奇需要多少个中提琴手 10个。一个和面糊,另外9个剥M&M豆
披头士和皇家爱乐乐团的中提琴声部有何共通点 二者自1970年之后就没在一起演过
最长的中提琴笑话 哈罗德在意大利
几个中提琴手在热水浴缸里该叫什么 蔬菜汤
听说过不跑调的中提琴手么 我也没听说过
国际中提琴大赛的主要要求是什么 按记忆持琴……【这个不明白】
为什么中提琴和手风琴结婚了 【Upward mobility 这个不清楚是什么】
如何将小提琴作品改成中提琴的 用一个小节劈成2个(拍子慢一倍)
为什么埋中提琴手只有地下三英寸深 再往下都是好人了
如何保证一个中提琴手不溺水 把你的脚从他脑袋上拿开
注:下面这个笑话德语讲很有趣,但翻成英语就不太好玩了 Was sind die drei Lagen auf der Bratsche? Erste Lage, Notlage, und Niederlage. 中提琴的三个把位? 第一把位,紧急把位,挫败把位 ---------
How is lightning like a violist's fingers? Neither one strikes in the same place twice.
How do you keep your violin from getting stolen? Put it in a viola case
. What's the difference between a violin and a viola? The viola burns longer. The viola holds more beer. You can tune the violin.
We all know that a viola is better than a violin because it burns longer. But why does it burn longer? It's usually still in the case.
How do you get a viola section to play spiccato? Write a whole note with "solo" above it.
How do you get a violist to play a passage pianissimo tremolando? Mark it "solo."
What's the difference between a viola and a coffin? The coffin has the dead person on the inside.
What do you do with a dead violist? Move him back a desk.
What's the difference between a viola and a trampoline? You take your shoes off to jump on a trampoline.
What's the difference between a viola and an onion? No one cries when you cut up a viola.
What's the definition of a minor second? Two violists playing in unison.
What's the definiton of "perfect pitch?" Throwing a viola into a dumpster without hitting the rim.
Why do violists stand for long periods outside people's houses? They can't find the key and they don't know when to come in.
What's the difference between a seamstress and a violist?The seamstress tucks up the frills.
What's the difference between a washing machine and a violist?Vibrato.
Why do so many people take an instant dislike to the viola? It saves time.
How can you tell when a violist is playing out of tune? The bow is moving.
How was the canon invented? Two violists were trying to play the same passage together.
Why is playing the viola like peeing in your pants? They both give you a nice warm feeling without making any sound.
Why is a viola solo like a bomb? By the time you hear it, it's too late to do anything about it.
Why is a viola solo like premature ejaculation? Because even when you know it's coming, there's nothing you can do about it.
Why do violists leave their instrument cases on the dashboards of their cars? So they can park in "handicapped" parking places. If someone mistakes them for mafia, they might get some respect.
Why don't violists play hide and seek? Because no one will look for them.
Why do violists smile when they play? Because ignorance is bliss and what they don't know can't hurt them.
Why shouldn't violists take up mountaineering? Because if they get lost, it takes ages before anyone notices that they're missing.
What's the difference between a dead skunk in the road and a crushed viola in the road? Skid marks before the skunk.
How do you get a violin to sound like a viola? Sit in the back and don't play. Play in the low register with a lot of wrong notes. If you throw a violist and a soprano off a cliff, which one would hit the ground first? (two answers) The violist. The soprano would have to stop halfway down to ask directions. Who cares?
A conductor and a violist are standing in the middle of the road. which one do you run over first, and why? The conductor. Business before pleasure.
What's the most popular recording of the William Walton viola concerto? Music Minus One
What do a viola and a lawsuit have in common? Everyone is happy when the case is closed.
What is the range of a Viola? As far as you can kick it.
What do a SCUD missile and a viola player have in common? They're both offensive and inaccurate.
Why are violas so large? It's an optical illusion. It's not that the violas are large; just that the viola players' heads are so small.
What's the difference between a chain saw and a viola? If you absolutely had to, you could use a chain saw in a string quartet. What is the definition of a cluster chord? A viola section playing on the C string.
Why do violists get antsy when they see the Kama Sutra? All those positions! If you're lost in the desert, what do you aim for? A good viola player, a bad viola player or an oasis? The bad viola player. The other two are only figments of your imagination.
Why shouldn't you drive off a cliff in a mini with three violas in it? You could fit in at least one more. How many violists does it take to screw in a light bulb? None. They're not small enough to fit.
Why do people tremble with fear when someone comes into a bank carrying a violin case? They think he's carrying a machine gun and might be about to use it.
Why do people tremble with fear when someone comes into a bank carrying a viola case? They think he's carrying a viola and might be about to use it.
What's the difference between the first and last desk of a viola section? half a measure a semi-tone Why can't you hear a viola on a digital recording? Recording technology has reached such an advanced level of development that all extraneous noise is eliminated.
Did you hear about the violist who bragged that he could play 32nd notes? The rest of the orchestra didn't believe him, so he proved it by playing one.
Why is viola called "bratsche" in Germany? Because that's the sound it makes when you sit down on it.
Why can't a violist play with a knife in his back? Because he can't lean back in his chair. What instrument do violists envy most? The harp. You only ever have to play pizzicato on open strings.
What's another name for viola auditions? Scratch lottery. What is the difference between a violist and a prostitute? A prostitute knows more than two positions. Prostitutes have a better sense of rhythm.
What is the similarity between a violist and a prostitute? Both are paid to fake climaxes.
How do you get a dozen violists to play in tune? Shoot 11 of them. Shoot all of them.Who the hell wants a dozen violists?
What's the latest crime wave in New York City?Drive-by viola recitals.
How does aviolist's brain cell die? Alone. How do you call a violist with two brain cells? Pregnant.
Why do violists have pea-sized brains? Because alcohol has swelled them.
How many violists does it take to make a batch of chocolate chip cookies? Ten. One to stir the batter and nine to peel the M & M's.
What's the similarity between the Beatles and the viola section of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra? Neither has played together since 1970.
What is the longest viola joke? Harold in Italy
What do you call a bunch of violists in a hot tub? Vegetable soup.
Did you hear about the violist who played in tune? Neither did I. What is the main reqirement at the "International Viola Competition?" Hold the viola from memory.
Why did the violist marry the accordion player? Upward mobility.
How do you transcribe a violin piece for viola? Divide the metronome marking by 2.
Why do you always bury a viola player three feet under? Because deep down they are all very nice people.
How do you keep a violist from drowning? Take your foot off his head. Note: the following joke is very funny in German, but doesn't translate well into English.
Was sind die drei Lagen auf der Bratsche? Erste Lage, Notlage, und Niederlage. (What are the three positions of the viola? First position, emergency, and defeat.) Viola Jokes (part 1)

Sunday, September 4, 2011

C++ list::iterator cant be used

g++ compiler may give this error: expected `;' before 'it'
template <typename T>
class MyClass
{   public:
  void func() 
    std::list<T>::iterator it;
The solution is simple, you need add "typename" in front of your declaration of iterator.

typename std::list::iterator it;
This is needed when you have a new type declared which is dependant on one or more of the template parameters.

You may also find an answer from here: